CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – an emergency procedure of pushing on the chest above the heart and breathing into the mouth of a person who is unconscious and not breathing. This technique attempts to restore blood circulation which prevents death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen.CPR IS EASY TO LEARN
You do not need to worry about making mistakes; doing something is better than nothing. It takes a spark to reignite an infant or a child. If you retain only 20% of what you learn and apply that to a child in crises you have an 80% chance of saving their life. It is very rare for diseases to be transmitted by mouth to mouth especially in children because of their limited exposure in life. If you opt not to do mouth to mouth still give compressions, which keeps the blood oxygenated, and circulating.
BEFORE ADMINISTERING INFANT AND CHILD CPR
Look, Listen & Feel (Shake & Shout) for Infant and Child
- Tap or shake the infant or child while saying "Can you hear me? Are you okay?"
- Look, Listen & Feel for signs of life (pulse/circulation, breathing and or movement)
- Delegate someone to call 911 or call yourself after providing repeated cycles of 2 breath and 30 compressions for at least 1 minute.
- Tilt chin back, place your mouth over the infant/childís mouth and nose creating a seal and provide 2 slow rescue breaths. If there is no response, start chest compressions and repeat this cycle until help arrives.
HOW TO ADMINISTER CPR ON AN INFANT AND CHILD
Step One: Pushing on the Chest (Compressions for Infant and Child)
Infant (under one year old)
- Tilt head back by lifting the chin gently while pushing down on the forehead with the other hand (if there is no head or neck injury, if so, open airway by lifting the jaw)
- Draw an imaginary line between the nipples on the breast bone of the infant, take two fingers and place them in the middle of the imaginary line below the sternum of infant.
- Compress the infantís chest downward, about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest downward, 30 times.
- Seal your lips securely over the infantís nose and mouth and give two breaths (1 to 1 ½ seconds each) after every 30 chest compressions.
- Maintain held tilt with one hand
- Draw an imaginary line between the nipples on the breast bone of the child, take the palm of the hand and place it in the middle of the imaginary line below the sternum of a child, keep elbow straight and pump with just one arm.
- Compress the childís chest about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest downward, 30 times.
- Give 2 breaths after every 30 compressions.
Step Two: Rescue Breathing (mouth to mouth for infant and child)
Infant (under one year old)
- Place your hand on the forehead of the infant and gently tilt the head back, use your other hand to tilt chin upward.
- Seal your lips securely over the infantís nose and mouth and give one breath until the chest rises.
- When the chest falls begin another breath for a total of 2 breaths. Keep hands away from neck.
- Check for signs of circulation (including normal breathing, coughing or movement)
- If the infant is not breathing, give 20 rescue breaths per minute (1 breath every 3 seconds)
Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if a childís blood flow stops and the brain is deprived of oxygen. You must, therefore, continue these procedures until the child has a pulse and is breathing or trained medical help arrives.